Improvements in diagnosis and treatment options for cancer now allow cancer survivors to live longer, and as a result, services are necessary to help individuals live an active and meaningful life in the community. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework as a participation model for cancer survivors in Turkey. Results from simultaneous regression analyses indicated educational attainment, fatigue, perceived stress, role functioning, social functioning, core self-evaluations, independent self-construal, social support, and autonomy support were significantly associated with participation. Specific interventions including health education, psychological workshops, support groups, and assistive technology may improve cancer survivors' motivation and desire to actively engage in community activities. Higher levels of participation were also found when cancer survivors were involved in the treatment decision-making process, and felt cared for and understood by their treatment providers.