EVALUATION & THE HEALTH PROFESSIONS, vol.45, no.2, pp.115-125, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
Although chronic multi-site musculoskeletal pain is known to cause decreased physical function and impair work and social life, there is insufficient research about its impact on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in women. The aim of this study was to investigate multiple factors affecting HRQoL in women with chronic multi-site musculoskeletal pain. This study included 227 women with two or more musculoskeletal areas which were painful during the last 3 months. The HRQoL and musculoskeletal system symptoms were evaluated with the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) and the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ), respectively. Physical activity level, social functionality and depressive symptoms were assessed with the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form (IPAQ- SF), Social Functioning Scale (SFS) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), respectively. Significant predictors for the total score on the NHP were found to be the number of children (p < 0.001), social engagement/withdrawal scale (p:0.094), the number of regions with musculoskeletal pain during the last year (p:0.002) and last 7 days (p:0.036), depressive symptoms (p < 0.001), current employment status (p:0.084), and the presence of chronic disease (p < 0.001). The results of this study demonstrated that both sociodemographic characteristics, and social and psychological factors may affect the HRQoL in women with chronic multi-site musculoskeletal pain.