In this article, the nature of relationships that formed by nomadism which is located in the center of Arabian sociology, lying through the Arabian Peninsula to Mesopotamia with the Ottoman administration which had been established as of 1517 in the aforementioned geographical area shall be discussed. Nomadism may be understood not only in the context of an Ottoman state practice, but also Ibn Haldun's (d. 1406) theoretical framework of history and philosphy under the dialectic of nomadism-sedentary as well. There is no doubt that bedouin and desert life were not the mere group type and space in the area. Major cities like Mecca and Medina, oases, routes of trades throughout Syria to Anatolia and even India had taken a deal of active roles in the adventures of this area. Ottoman archival documents and chronics deemed that these actors as some bedouins, belligerents of the perpetual clan fights, enemies to the settled agriculture and caravans of trade, rebellions that threatened the order. Given examples in this paper which show the Ottoman-bedouin relations differ from the 16th to the 18th centuries. Besides, the typhology of "eskiya-yi urban" (Arab bandits) will be attempted to be drawn in the pre-modern ages.