Cranial Prophylactic Irradiation in Locally Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma: Current Status and Future Perspectives


Topkan E., Yildirim B. A. , SELEK U. , Yavuz M. N.

ONCOLOGY, cilt.76, sa.3, ss.220-228, 2009 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Derleme
  • Cilt numarası: 76 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 2009
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1159/000201933
  • Dergi Adı: ONCOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.220-228

Özet

As a result of improved local and regional control with aggressive multimodality protocols, the brain has become one of the major sites of relapse in patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung carcinoma (LA- NSCLC). The demonstrated efficacy of prophylactic cranial irradiation (PCI) in small-cell lung carcinoma led to studies of its effectiveness in LA-NSCLC, which indicated that PCI also has a high potential to reduce the incidence or delay the occurrence of brain metastases in this patient group. This report provides an extensive review of the current evidence from nonrandomized and randomized trials regarding the use of PCI in LA- NSCLC and discusses related key issues including risk factors, patient selection criteria, timing of PCI, preferred PCI dosing scheme, toxicity profile and potential novel PCI techniques. Copyright (C) 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel