Postgraduate education has two phases in Turkey. Before 1980, universities were administered according to the law 1750. According this law, even govermental universities, were more independent in their budget managements but there were no coordination between universities. Each university had its own rules for accepting students to both undergraduate and graduate education. Some universities had MSc, PhD programmes but some did not. In medical faculties, in our knowledge till 1980 only Hacettepe Medical Faculty had MSc and PhD programmes. Other universities had only medical specialist programmes. After 1981, a new Constitution was prepared and a new university law based on items 130 and 131 in that Constitution, "Higher Education Law 2547, YOK Kanunu", was prepared. According to 2547 YOK Kanunu undergraduate and graduate education was re-organised.