A new UHPLC-MS/MS method for the screening of urinary oligosaccharides expands the detection of storage disorders

Semeraro M., Sacchetti E., Deodato F., COŞKUN T., LAY İ., Catesini G., ...More

Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases, vol.16, no.1, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1186/s13023-020-01662-8
  • Journal Name: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Keywords: Autophagy, Danon disease, Oligosaccharides, Pompe disease, Storage disorders, Vici syndrome, Yunis-varon syndrome
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Background: Oligosaccharidoses are storage disorders due to enzymatic defects involved in the breakdown of the oligosaccharidic component of glycosylated proteins. The defect cause the accumulation of oligosaccharides (OS) and, depending on the lacking enzyme, results in characteristic profiles which are helpful for the diagnosis. We developed a new tandem mass spectrometry method for the screening of urinary OS which was applied to identify a large panel of storage disorders. Methods: The method was set-up in urine and dried urine spots (DUS). Samples were analysed, without derivatization and using maltoheptaose as internal standard, by UHPLC-MS/MS with MRM acquisition of target OS transitions, including Glc4, the biomarker of Pompe disease. The chromatographic run was < 30 min. Samples from patients with known storage disorders were used for clinical validation. Results: The method allowed to confirm the diagnosis of oligosaccharidoses (sialidosis, α-/β-mannosidosis, fucosidosis, aspartylglucosaminuria) and of GM1 and GM2 (Sandhoff type) gangliosidosis, by detecting specific OS profiles. In other storage disorders (mucolipidosis II and III, mucopolysaccharidosis type IVB) the analyisis revealed abnormal OS excretion with non-specific profiles. Besides Pompe disease, the tetrasaccharide Glc4 was increased also in disorders of autophagy (Vici syndrome, Yunis-Varon syndrome, and Danon disease) presenting cardiomuscular involvement with glycogen storage. Overall, results showed a clear separation between patients and controls, both in urine and in DUS. Conclusion: This new UHPLC/MS-MS method, which is suitable for rapid and easy screening of OS in urine and DUS, expands the detection of storage disorders from oligosaccharidoses to other diseases, including the novel category of inherited disorders of autophagy.