JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCE AND BIOENGINEERING, vol.104, no.1, pp.69-77, 2007 (SCI-Expanded)
In this study, chitosan membranes prepared by the solvent casting method were modified with the Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser (RGDS) sequence of fibronectin using the photochemical immobilization technique. The results obtained from attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared spectra and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies confirmed the successful immobilization of RGDS on chitosan membranes. The immobilized peptide concentration was determined by ninhydrin analysis on the order of 10(-7) mol/cm(2). In vitro cell culture studies were performed with L929 mouse fibroblasts to investigate the effect of biomodification on fibroblast cell behaviour in serum-free and 10% serum-containing media. The results obtained from cell culture studies pointed out the specific interactions between biosignal RGDS molecules and fibroblast cells. A triggered cell attachment and proliferation were observed on RGDS-modified chitosan membranes that were more distinguishable in serum-free medium. In addition, the photochemical immobilization technique was realized in the presence of a photomask that was used to immobilize the RGDS molecules in a defined micropattern. L929 mouse fibroblasts attached on the RGDS-micropatterned areas indicating integrin-mediated interactions.