Urologia Internationalis, vol.107, no.2, pp.171-178, 2023 (SCI-Expanded)
© 2022 S. Karger AG, Basel. Copyright: All rights reserved.Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes of metastasis-directed therapy (MDT) using stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) in patients with synchronous or metachronous oligometastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Methods: The clinical data of 87 patients with 138 lesions who received MDT between February 2008 and January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients had ≤5 metastasis at diagnosis (synchronous) or during progression (metachronous) and were treated with SBRT for their metastasis. The primary endpoints were local control (LC) and progression-free survival (PFS). The secondary endpoint was overall survival (OS). Results: Median follow-up was 20.4 months for entire cohort and 27.2 months for survivors. Synchronous oligometastatic disease was observed in 35 patients (40.2%), and 52 patients (59.8%) had metachronous disease. Seventy-two patients (82.8%) received systemic treatment synchronously or after MDT, while 15 patients (17.2%) did not receive any systemic treatment. The 1- and 2-year OS rates were 79.4% and 58.1%, respectively, and the 1- and 2-year PFS rates were 58.6% and 15.1%, respectively. The 1- and 2-year LC rates per lesion were 96.6% and 91.4%, respectively. There were no significant differences in survival between patients with synchronous oligometastasis and those with metachronous oligometastasis. All disease progressions were observed at a median time of 31.6 months (range: 1.9-196.9 months) after the completion of SBRT. Patients with solitary oligometastasis had significantly better OS compared to patients with >1 metastasis (p = 0.04). No patients experienced grade 3 or higher acute or late toxicities. Conclusion: SBRT is a successful treatment for oligometastatic RCC patients due to its excellent LC and minimal toxicity profile. There were no statistically significant survival differences between patients with synchronous and metachronous oligometastasis. Patients with solitary oligometastasis outlived their counterparts.