in: Epstein's Inborn Errors of Development: The Molecular Basis of Clinical Disorders of Morphogenesis (3 ed.), Robert P. Erickson,Anthony J. Wynshaw-Boris, Editor, Oxford University Press, London , London, pp.747-752, 2016
Chapters provides overview of pathways of development and reviews of dysmorphic syndromes for which the causative gene has been identified. For each disorder, an analysis of the role of the gene in the relevant developmental pathway is provided, along with the mechanism by which mutations in the gene cause the developmental pathology. Emphasis is placed the developmental roles of genes in the causation of hereditary conditions affecting appearance and function.