Impact of energy efficiency upgrade retrofits on the residential energy consumption and Greenhouse Gas emissions in Canada

Guler B., Ugursal V. I., Fung A. S., Aydinalp-Koksal M.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT, vol.9, no.4, pp.434-444, 2008 (ESCI) identifier identifier


The impact of various energy efficiency upgrade scenarios on the annual energy consumption and Greenhouse Gas emissions of the Canadian housing stock is assessed using the Canadian Residential Energy End-use Model (CREEM). The energy efficiency upgrade scenarios that are considered include major retrofits, such as the improvement of the house envelope by adding insulation, and the replacement of the existing heating system and appliances by higher efficiency units, as well as minor retrofits, such as lighting fixture, thermostat, showerhead and aerator upgrades that reduce energy consumption.