Effect of the activation temperature on the catalytic activity of clinoptilolite for the benzoylation of biphenyl

Akgul M.

REACTION KINETICS MECHANISMS AND CATALYSIS, cilt.105, sa.2, ss.413-427, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 105 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1007/s11144-011-0386-0
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.413-427


The Friedel-Crafts benzoylation of biphenyl (BP) was carried out under liquid-phase batch conditions using raw and modified clinoptilolite zeolites as catalysts. Solventless benzoylation of BP with benzoyl chloride preferentially gave p-monoacylated product, 4-phenyl-benzophenone (4-PBP), as the main product for all catalysts used and only small amount of diacylated product, 4,4'-dibenzoylbiphenyl (4,4'-DBBP) was observed. The highest yield of 4-PBP was achieved by using HT-823 zeolite as catalyst. Calcined zeolites, except the clinoptilolite calcined at 1,023 K, are more active than their raw counterparts. Raw clinoptilolite gave 4-PBP yield of 48.5% while the HT-823 proves to be a highly efficient catalyst giving a very high selectivity to 4-PBP (similar to 98.5%) with the conversion of BP similar to 86.9% at 453 K. The results revealed that zeolite HT-823 is the best catalyst for the benzoylation of biphenyl to 4-PBP. Also, increasing the reaction temperature appeared to play a significant role on the 4-PBP yield.