Developing and Validating a Scale to Measure Turkish and Kazakhstani ELT Pre-Service Teachers' Intercultural Communicative Competence

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Kazykhankyzy L., ALAGÖZLÜ N.

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INSTRUCTION, vol.12, no.1, pp.931-946, 2019 (ESCI) identifier identifier


The purpose of this study is to describe the development of the Intercultural Communicative Competence Scale (ICCS). Two different groups from Turkey and Kazakhstan constituted the sample. The Turkish group (N=258) participated in the piloting process to develop the scale. The Kazakhstani group (N=314) was used to confirm the structure validity of the instrument. Based on review of literature, 76 items important for assessing ICC were generated. After expert revision for the face and content validity of the scale, the exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were applied. According to the results, the content validity index (CVI) for the ICC scale was found acceptable (CVI=0.7). EFA results found that the scale, consisting of 4 factors and 52 items, explained 50.78% of the total variance. The factor loadings showed that 21 items loaded fairly strongly on Component 1 (Skills), 13 items on Component 2 (Attitude), 12 items on Component 3 (Awareness), and 6 items on Component 4 (Knowledge). CFA results also confirmed the four factorial structure of the scale. The Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficients of four factors and a whole instrument were found .946; .906; .880; .806 and .958 respectively.