Poly(N-vinylimidazole), PVIm, gels were prepared by gamma-irradiation polymerization of N-vinylimidazole in aqueous solutions. These affinity gels with a water swelling ratio of 1800% for plain polymeric get and between 30 and 80% for Cu(II) and Co(H)-chelated gels at pH 6.0 in phosphate buffer were used in glucose oxidase (GOx) adsorption-desorption studies. Different amounts of Cu(II) and Co(II) ions (maximum 3.64 mmol/g dry gel for Cu(H) and 1.72 mmol/g dry gel for Co(II)) were loaded onto the gels by changing the initial concentration of Cu(II) and Co(II) ions, and pH. GOx adsorption on these gels from aqueous solutions containing different amount of GOx at different pH was investigated in batch reactors. Immobilized glucose oxidase activity onto the poly(N-vinylimidazole), and Cu(II) and Co(II)-chelated poly(N-vinylimidazole) were investigated with changing pH and the initial glucose oxidase concentration. Maximum activity of immobilized glucose oxidase onto the PVIm, Cu(II) and Co(H)-chelated PVIm gels was investigated and pH dependence was observed to be at pH 6.5 for free enzyme, pH 7.0 for PVIm, pH 7.5 for Cu(II) and Co(II)-chelated PVIm gels, respectively. The stability of the immobilized enzyme is very high for all gels and the residual activity was higher than 93% in the first 10 days. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.