Alparslan Turkes in the Process Towards Discharge on November 13, 1960 and a Dispute Within the National Unity Committee


CTAD-CUMHURIYET TARIHI ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI, vol.14, no.27, pp.213-249, 2018 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 14 Issue: 27
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.213-249
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


The National Unity Committee formed by the soldiers after the coup on May 27 had a very heterogeneous identity. In addition to the composition of the committee with various ranks and age groups, the disagreements among the members led to division around roughly two groups. The head of one of these groups was Alparslan Turkes, who became the Undersecretary of the Prime Ministry after the coup, while the other was Cemal Madanoglu. Alparslan Turkes gained the sympathies of the officers, especially who were relatively young in the Committee, besides his identity as a Colonel, and this group wished to make the National Unity Committee implement the reforms that Ataturk could not have completed. Thus, while this group was classified as "radicals", Turkes was described as the "Mighty Colonel of Coup", inspired from Nasser, the nationalist-socialist leader of his time. On the other hand, Madanoglu's group acted with the thought of "transfer of the administration to the civilians by making the elections as soon as possible". Due to this difference of this basic mentality between the two views, together with other problems, the Committee carried out an auto-discharge on November 13, 1960 and 14 members, including Turkes, were appointed as civil servants abroad.