Multivariate one-sided control charts

Testik M. C., RUNGER G.

IIE TRANSACTIONS, vol.38, no.8, pp.635-645, 2006 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2006
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/07408170600692176
  • Journal Name: IIE TRANSACTIONS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.635-645
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Process knowledge can be exploited to improve the performance of control charts and it is not unusual to know that a specific variable shifts above or below its mean under an assignable cause. In such a case, a one-sided control chart is common. The available statistical theory for the one-sided tests is used to provide a reasonable compromise for a numerical procedure to design and implement multivariate solutions. Although simulation is used in the analysis, it is not a direct estimate of performance through simulation. Instead, weights are estimated and these are used to easily set a desired on-target average run length. Furthermore, an interesting quadratic programming solution is incorporated into the analysis. Then the statistical results are extended to a partial one-sided case where only some ( not all) variables are known to shift in one direction and the numerical procedure is extended to design and implement the charts. A modern method can blend theory and algorithms into a practical solution. We conclude that modern computer software permits an efficient solution to this problem with meaningful performance advantages over traditional multivariate control charts.