Geomechanics and Engineering, cilt.20, ss.1-7, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)
Abstract. In structures excavated in rock mass, load progressively increases to a level and remains constant during the
construction. Rocks display different elastic properties such as Ei and ʋ under different loading conditions and this requires to
use the true values of elastic properties for the design of safe structures in rock. Also, rocks will undergo horizontal and vertical
deformations depending on the amount of load applied. However, under constant loads, values of Ei and ʋ will vary in time and
induce variations in the behavior of the rock mass. In some empirical equations in which deformation modulus of the rock mass
is taken into consideration, elastic parameters of intact rock become functions in the equation. Hence, the use of time dependent
elastic properties determined under constant loading will yield more reliable results than when only constant elastic properties
are used. As well known, rock material will play an important role in the deformation mechanism since the discontinuities will
be closed due to the load. In this study, Ei and ʋ values of intact rocks were investigated under different constant loads for certain
rocks with high deformation capabilities. The results indicated significant time dependent variations in elastic properties under
constant loading conditions. Ei value obtained from deformability test was found to be higher than the Ei value obtained from the
constant loading test. This implies that when static values of elastic properties are used, the material is defined as more elastic
than the rock material itself. In fact, Ei and ʋ values embedded in empirical equations are not static. Hence, this workattempts to
emerge a new understanding in designing of safer structures in rock mass by numerical methods. The use of time-dependent
values of Ei and ʋ under different constant loads will yield more accurate results in numerical modeling analysis.