Early miocene adakite-like volcanism in the balkuyumcu region, central Anatolia, Turkey: Petrology and geochemistry

Varol E., Temel A., Gourgaud A., Bellon H.

JOURNAL OF ASIAN EARTH SCIENCES, vol.30, pp.613-628, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jseaes.2007.02.002
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.613-628
  • Keywords: Balkuyumcu, adakite-like, calc-alkaline, lower crust, delaminated lower crust, EXPERIMENTAL CONSTRAINTS, TERTIARY VOLCANISM, ROCKS, AREA, EVOLUTION, ORIGIN, MAGMAS, NOMENCLATURE, MINERALS, COMPLEX
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


The Balkuyumcu region, located in the southwestern part of Ankara in the Izmir-Ankara suture zone (central Anatolia, Turkey), consists of basic andesitic, andesitic, dacitic and rhyolitic rocks extruded during the Early Miocene (20-22 Ma) as a result of post-collisional volcanism. Balkuyumcu volcanic rocks can be divided into two groups on the basis of their mineralogy and composition: The basic andesitic (BA) and andesitic, dacitic and rhyolitic (ADR) groups. The ADR and BA group of rocks have adakite-like and calc-alkaline characteristics, respectively. The ADR group has higher SiO2 content, Sr/Y and La/Yb ratios and low MgO, Mg#, Y and Yb contents than the BA group. Both groups have nearly the same Sr, Nd isotopic compositions and display similar normalized multi-element patterns with enrichments in LILE and LREE, depletions in Nb, Ti, Zr, P and a lack of Eu anomalies. Major, trace element and Sr, Nd isotopic data indicate that both groups of rocks were derived from the same source but affected by different magmatic processes during ascent. The adakite-like rocks may have been produced by partial melting of thickened lower continental crust. Fractional crystallization also played a major role in their formation. However, the BA group rocks were derived from partial melting of lower continental crust that was probably delaminated. These rocks appear to have had limited interaction with mantle peridodite during ascent to the surface. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.