A new Scrophularia (Scrophulariaceae) species without staminodes in the enigmatic “Canina clade” from the Western Taurus (Türkiye)

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AYKURT C., Gülben M., ÖZÜDOĞRU B., Sari D., DENİZ İ. G., Çingay B.

Turkish Journal of Botany, vol.47, no.5, pp.388-398, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 47 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.55730/1300-008x.2776
  • Journal Name: Turkish Journal of Botany
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Geobase, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.388-398
  • Keywords: Canina clade, new species, phylogeny, Scrophularia, taxonomy, Türkiye
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


The new species of Scrophularia was discovered among the screes and stony slopes of the Alakır Valley (Antalya) located in the Western Taurus. The most remarkable morphological feature of the species is its flowers without staminodes. With this feature, the species is unique among the representatives of the “Canina” clade in Türkiye. The new species is closely related to S. floribunda endemic to Türkiye and East Aegean Islands (Greece) according to our phylogenetic analyses based on the nuclear ITS and chloroplast trnL-F regions. Apart from its corollas without staminodes, the new species differs from its morphologically similar species by having densely glandular inflorescence (incl. calyxes), relatively small corollas, corolla lobes with a narrow white border, and very long filaments.