The Impact of Exports on Firm Employment in Türkiye

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Zengin Taşdemir S., Dalgıç B., Fazlıoğlu B.

Sosyoekonomi, vol.31, no.57, pp.47-63, 2023 (ESCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 57
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.17233/sosyoekonomi.2023.03.03
  • Journal Name: Sosyoekonomi
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.47-63
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


This study investigates the employment effects of exports on employment based on Turkish firm-level data over the period 2003-2015. To this aim, we adopt Propensity Score Matching (PSM) and Difference-in-Differences (DID) techniques to construct treatment models. The results show that exporting encourages firms’ employment significantly. Specifically, this effect is more significant for Turkish manufacturing firms in labour-intensive and low/medium-low technology sectors and those paying lower wages.