JOURNAL OF LIPOSOME RESEARCH, vol.32, no.4, pp.396-404, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
This study aims to develop a multifunctional liposomal radiosensitizer to destroy more tumor cells by using lower radiation doses compared to clinically used 6 MV X-ray doses. To achieve this aim, first Chlorine-e6 (Ce6) was covalently bound to functional groups of outer surfaces of quantum dots (QDs) through EDC/NHS reactions. Then, QDs-Ce6 conjugate loaded, nanosized, PEG-coated, and tumor-specific folic acid-modified immunoliposome dispersions were prepared by film method. Enhanced anti-proliferation activity of free and liposomal conjugate against 4T1 (murine breast cancer) cell lines was investigated at different X-ray doses (5, 10, 15, and 20 Gy). As a result, the best radiosensitizer effect was observed at a 5 Gy X-ray dose and it was found that following the X-ray irradiation, immunoliposome dispersions containing QDs-Ce6 conjugate killed 26.8 +/- 1.7% more cancer cells than radiation alone.