An affinity dye ligand, Cibacron Blue F3GA was covalently attached onto commercially available microporous polyamide hollow-fibre membranes for human serum albumin (HSA) adsorption from both aqueous solutions and human plasma. Different amounts of Cibacron Blue F3GA were incorporated on the polyamide hollow-fibres by changing the dye attachment conditions, i.e. initial dye concentration, addition of sodium carbonate and sodium chloride. The maximum amount of Cibacron Blue F3GA attachment was obtained at 42.5 mu mol g(-1) when the hollow-fibres were treated with 3 M HCl for 30 min before performing the dye attachment. HSA adsorption onto unmodified and Cibacron Blue F3GA-derived polyamide hollow-fibre membranes was investigated batchwise. The non-specific adsorption of HSA was very low (6.0 mg g(-1) hollow-fibre). Cibacron Blue F3GA attachment onto the hollow-fibres significantly increased the HSA adsorption (147 mg g(-1) hollow-fibre). The maximum HSA adsorption was observed at pH 5.0. Higher HSA adsorption was observed from human plasma (230 mg HSA g(-1) hollow-fibre). Desorption of HSA from Cibacron Blue F3GA derived hollow-fibres was obtained using 0.1 M Tris-HCl buffer containing 0.5 M NaSCN or 1.0 M NaCl. High desorption ratios (up to 98% of the adsorbed HSA) were observed. It was possible to reuse Cibacron Blue F3GA derived polyamide hollow-fibre without significant decreases in the adsorption capacities. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.