Yaralisin, the Novel by Erdal Oz, in the Light of Foucault's Power Theory


ÜSTÜN K.

TARIH KULTUR VE SANAT ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF HISTORY CULTURE AND ART RESEARCH, cilt.6, ss.564-577, 2017 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 6 Konu: 6
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.7596/taksad.v6i6.1271
  • Dergi Adı: TARIH KULTUR VE SANAT ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF HISTORY CULTURE AND ART RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.564-577

Özet

In the light of the power concepts theorized by Michel Foucault, this article investigates Erdal Oz's novel Yaralisin (You're Wounded). Foucault's power structure that systematized in Subject and Power (1961), History of Sexuality (1984), Birth of Prison (1975), The Birth of Biopolitics (2004), has similarities with crime production that the novel reflects. Accordingly, individuals are being standardized in the prison through programs, strategies and technics that the power structure determined. In this process, there is no direct enforcement on the individual. The power structure connects the individual to itself through knowledge and body. In Oz's novel the subject depending on space changing are being standardized and transformed into the "Nuri" character, as we read in the text. At the base of becoming standard individual through lost of identity, there is crime production. As for crime production, it takes shape in accordance with space. In the novel, space dependent suffering, inflicted on individuals, places the subject on a hierarchical plane, as Foucault has also indicated, and brings an end to existence. The power structure, cutting off the individual from his private space, taking him first into the interrogation room, and then to the prison, has made him a part of the system and has objectified him. The digestive effect of the power structure has become even more concrete with the presence of the second person narrator within the narrative plane; depersonalization has taken place within the new order.