Structural stability of mechanically alloyed amorphous (FeCoNi)(70)Ti10B20 under high-temperature and high-pressure

AVAR B., Simsek T., ÖZCAN Ş., Chattopadhyay A. K., Kalkan B.

JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, vol.860, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 860
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jallcom.2020.158528
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, PASCAL, Aerospace Database, Chemical Abstracts Core, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Public Affairs Index, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Nanostructured (FeCoNi)(70)Ti10B20 (at%) alloy was synthesized by mechanical alloying from elemental powder mixture of Fe, Co, Ni, Ti and B using ball milling. The effect of ball milling time on the evolution of structure and morphology was investigated by X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopy and differential thermal analysis. It was observed that the formation of solid solution of (FeCoNi)(70)Ti10B20 started from the very onset of the milling process. Crystallite size and lattice strains seemed to be leveled off after 20 h of milling with no further major changes. The milling process for longer periods introduced severe plastic deformations causing formation of amorphous phase of (FeCoNi)(70)Ti10B20. The amorphous alloy composition was confirmed by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis that showed an excellent homogeneity of the alloying elements. The phase stability of the mechanically alloyed amorphous sample was further verified by employing high-temperature and high-pressure studies. The alloy samples heat-treated at 700 degrees C revealed crystallization of the amorphous phase. However, synchrotron-based high-pressure ambient temperature X-ray diffraction studies confirmed that the amorphous phase of the alloy remained stable up to the pressure of 30 GPa. The 50 h milled sample after being annealed at 350 degrees C showed improvement in the soft magnetic properties of the alloy, which was due to the probable elimination of the residual stress in the amorphous phase of the alloy powders. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.