A proposal for a new generic structure of the killifish family Aphaniidae, with the description of Aphaniops teimorii (Teleostei: Cyprinodontiformes)


Freyhof J., YOĞURTÇUOĞLU B.

Zootaxa, vol.4810, no.3, pp.421-451, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 4810 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.11646/zootaxa.4810.3.2
  • Journal Name: Zootaxa
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.421-451
  • Keywords: freshwater fish, taxonomy, biodiversity, generic concepts, FISHES TELEOSTEI, OTOLITH MORPHOLOGY, GENUS, ACTINOPTERYGII, POPULATIONS, PHYLOGENY, ANATOLIA, SOUTHERN, BASIN, IRAN
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Following an exhaustive review of published molecular data and morphological characters, we propose a new generic classification for the Cyprindontiform family Aphaniidae . The generic concept applied is based on monophyly, reasonable compactness, and morphological diagnoses. The proposed genera are monophyletic and compact groups that can be diagnosed by a combination of morphological characters. All species in Aphaniidae are morphologically homogeneous and have similar scale patterns, fin positions. and meristic characters. However, only a handful of morphological characters, including colour patterns, permit identification. We propose separation of Aphaniidae into eight monophyletic genera: Anatolichthys, Aphaniops, Aphanius, Kosswigichthys, Paraphanius, and Tellia, in addition to the new genera Esmaeilius and Apricaphanius, which are described for the species of the A. sophiae and A. iberus species groups, respectively. The original description of Aphanius hormuzensis does not fulfil the criteria of the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature, therefore this taxon is re described as A. teimorii. Esmaeilius arakensis, E. kavirensis, E. mesopotamicus, and E. pluristriatus are treated as synonyms of E. sophiae. Esmaeiliusfarsicus is a junior synonym of E. persicus (Jenkins, 1910). The fossil genus Brachylebias is considered as incertae sedis since it lacks diagnostic characters which would permit it to be assigned to any of the extant genera recognised in this study.