ENGINEERING GEOLOGY, vol.203, pp.70-82, 2016 (SCI-Expanded)
This paper investigates a series of experimental results and numerical simulations employed to estimate the deformation modulus of a stratified rock mass. The deformation modulus of rock mass has a significant importance for some applications in engineering geology and geotechnical projects including foundation, slope, and tunnel designs. Deformation modulus of a rock mass can be determined using large scale in-situ tests. This large scale sophisticated in-situ testing equipments are sometimes difficult to install, plus time consuming to be employed in the field. Therefore, this study aims to estimate indirectly the deformation modulus values via empirical methods such as the neural network, neuro fuzzy and genetic programming approaches. A series of analyses have been developed for correlating various relationships between the deformation modulus of rock mass, rock mass rating, rock quality designation, uniaxial compressive strength, and elasticity modulus of intact rock parameters. The performance capacities of proposed models are assessed and found as quite satisfactory. At the completion of a comparative study on the accuracy of models, in the results, it is seen that overall genetic programming models yielded more precise results than neural network and neuro fuzzy models. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.