Hedges and Boosters in Theses and Dissertations: A Comparison

Yazici E.

The 2nd International FLE Joint Conference Unity in Diversity, Ankara, Turkey, 21 - 22 June 2019

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Unpublished
  • City: Ankara
  • Country: Turkey
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: No


This study investigates the differences in the discussion parts of MA theses and Ph.D. dissertations written in English Language Teaching (ELT) in terms of the frequency of hedges and boosters. In order to achieve this, the discussion parts of 10 MA theses and 10 ELT Ph.D. dissertations written in a state university in Ankara were compared. The results showed that the frequency of hedges and boosters in the discussion parts of PhD dissertations was more than those in MA theses since Ph.D. students are exposed to academic writing more and more experienced in academic writing. This study emphasizes the need for an academic writing course in MA programs; in addition, both MA and Ph.D. students should have an explicit instruction for academic writing, especially if they are non-natives.