Effects of Hawley retainers on consonants and formant frequencies of vowels


Kayikci M. E. , Akan S., Ciger S., Ozkan S.

ANGLE ORTHODONTIST, vol.82, no.1, pp.14-21, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 82 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.2319/032911-226.1
  • Journal Name: ANGLE ORTHODONTIST
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.14-21
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Objective: To assess (1) whether Hawley retainers cause speech disturbance and (2) the duration of speech adaptation to Hawley retainers with objective and subjective tests.