Effects of Hawley retainers on consonants and formant frequencies of vowels


Kayikci M. E. , Akan S., Ciger S. , Ozkan S.

ANGLE ORTHODONTIST, cilt.82, ss.14-21, 2012 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 82 Konu: 1
  • Basım Tarihi: 2012
  • Doi Numarası: 10.2319/032911-226.1
  • Dergi Adı: ANGLE ORTHODONTIST
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.14-21

Özet

Objective: To assess (1) whether Hawley retainers cause speech disturbance and (2) the duration of speech adaptation to Hawley retainers with objective and subjective tests.