A novel polyurethane-based biodegradable elastomer as a promising material for skeletal muscle tissue engineering


Ergene E., Yagci B. S. , Gokyer S., Eyidogan A., AKSOY E. A. , Huri P. Y.

BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS, cilt.14, sa.2, 2019 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 14 Konu: 2
  • Basım Tarihi: 2019
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1088/1748-605x/ab007a
  • Dergi Adı: BIOMEDICAL MATERIALS

Özet

A key challenge in skeletal muscle tissue engineering is the choice of a proper scaffolding material as it should demonstrate elastic behavior to withstand and support the dynamic loading of the tissue microenvironment while being biodegradable and biocompatible. In this study, we tested the applicability of a novel biodegradable polyurethane (PU) elastomer chain extended with fibrinogen (Fib) to fulfill these requirements. Biodegradable polyurethane-fibrinogen (PU-Fib) elastomers were synthesized by step-wise condensation polymerization. Firstly, PU prepolymer was synthesized and then Fib was integrated into PU prepolymer during the second step of polymerization. The chemical, thermal, viscoelastic, mechanical and biodegradation properties of PU-Fib were characterized. FTIR-ATR spectrum showed amide bands specific to PU and Fib, DSC thermograms showed the suitable integration between the components. Dynamic mechanical analysis revealed Tg and T alpha* transitions at 64.5 degrees C and 38.4 degrees C, respectively. PU and Fib had shown chemically compatible interactions and when compared to PCL, PU-Fib possessed viscoelastic properties more suitable to the native tissue. PU-Fib films were produced and seeded with C2C12 mouse myoblasts. Uniaxial cyclic stretch was applied to the cell seeded films for 21 d to mimic the native dynamic tissue microenvironment. Cell proliferation, viability and the expression of muscle-specific markers (immunofluorescent staining for myogenin and myosin heavy chain) were assessed. Myoblasts proliferated well on PU-Fib films; aligned parallel along their long edge, and express myogenic markers under biomimetic dynamic culture. It was possible to culture myoblasts with high viability on PU-Fib elastomeric films mimicking native muscle microenvironment.