A deep learning model for air quality prediction in smart cities

Kok I., Simsek M. U., Ozdemir S.

IEEE International Conference on Big Data (IEEE Big Data), Massachusetts, United States Of America, 11 - 14 December 2017, pp.1983-1990 identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/bigdata.2017.8258144
  • City: Massachusetts
  • Country: United States Of America
  • Page Numbers: pp.1983-1990
  • Keywords: Deep learning, Internet of things(IoT), Smart city, Long short term memory(LSTM), IoT data analytics, Air quality prediction, INTERNET
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: No


In recent years, Internet of Things (IoT) concept has become a promising research topic in many areas including industry, commerce and education. Smart cities employ IoT based services and applications to create a sustainable urban life. By using information and communication technologies, IoT enables smart cities to make city stakeholders more aware, interactive and efficient. With the increase in number of IoT based smart city applications, the amount of data produced by these applications is increased tremendously. Governments and city stakeholders take early precautions to process these data and predict future effects to ensure sustainable development. In prediction context, deep learning techniques have been used for several forecasting problems in big data. This inspires us to use deep learning methods for prediction of IoT data. Hence, in this paper, a novel deep learning model is proposed for analyzing IoT smart city data. We propose a novel model based on Long Short Term Memory (LSTM) networks to predict future values of air quality in a smart city. The evaluation results of the proposed model are found to be promising and they show that the model can be used in other smart city prediction problems as well.