Simultaneous depletion of immunoglobulin G and albumin from human plasma using novel monolithic cryogel columns

UZUN L., Armutcu C., Bicen O., Ersoz A., Say R., DENİZLİ A.

COLLOIDS AND SURFACES B-BIOINTERFACES, vol.112, pp.1-8, 2013 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


In this study, we aimed to develop an alternative matrix able to deplete the albumin (Alb) and immunoglobulin G (IgG) from blood plasma simultaneously to prepare plasma samples for large-scale applications of blood-related proteomics. As a first step, nano-protein A nanoparticles (nanoProA) were prepared and characterized. Subsequently, cibacron blue F3GA (CB) was immobilized onto the nanoProA's to enhance their specific affinity for Alb molecules. Finally, both nanoparticles, specifically, nanoProA and CB-nanoProA, were separately embedded into cryogel structures to combine advantages of the nanoparticles with those of the cryogels. The protein adsorption was optimized using aqueous Alb and IgG solutions separately. Subsequently, competitive protein adsorption was performed using a protein mixture prepared with Alb and IgG adhering to their plasma protein ratios. Because of the CB-immobilization, the Alb depletion performance of the cryogels increased whereas the IgG depleting performance decreased. Using the nanoProA, embedded cryogel removed 99.3% of the IgG, while using the CB-nanoProA embedded cryogel removed 97.5% of the Alb content. The simultaneous depletion performances of the cryogels for Alb and IgG were characterized using sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. In this study, the monolithic cryogel-based adsorbents were classified as an alternative matrix to prepare plasma samples for proteomics applications at the preparative scale. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.