Violence Against Doctors and Nurses in Hospitals in Turkey

KAYA S., Demir I. B., KARSAVURAN S., Urek D., İLGÜN G.

JOURNAL OF FORENSIC NURSING, vol.12, no.1, pp.26-34, 2016 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2016
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/jfn.0000000000000100
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.26-34
  • Keywords: Doctors, hospitals, nurses, Turkey, violence, WORKPLACE VIOLENCE, CARE, CONSEQUENCES, WORKING
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose: This study shows the rates of violence experienced by doctors and nurses and their ensuing responses including reporting rates and any effects experienced because of the violence. Method: The Survey for Investigating the Violence on Medical Employees was administered to 254 doctors and nurses. Data were analyzed using chi-square and logistic regression analysis. Results: Of the participants, 74.4% had been exposed to some form of violence. Most of the participants, 87.3%, experienced verbal violence; 12.2% experienced physical violence; and 0.5% experienced sexual violence. Logistic regression analysis indicated that married doctors and nurses are at risk of experiencing violence 0.5 times greater when compared with unmarried or widowed doctors and nurses (p = 0.026). The experience of violence differs by hospital type (p = 0.038) and years working in the healthcare industry (p = 0.042). Differences were also found regarding exposure to violence between doctors and nurses in terms of time of day (p = 0.031) and the work being performed (p < 0.001). The most cited cause of violence (50.8%) was the healthcare system. Verbal response was the most frequent reaction to violence (24.4%), with loss of occupational performance (58.2%) being the most cited negative outcome. Approximately 9.3% of the victims reported the violence to judicial authorities. A lengthy judicial proceeding was chosen as the most significant hindrance to reporting the violence (45.8%). Discussion: This study reveals the effects of violence and reporting rates at two hospitals in Turkey, and it implies that under reporting of violence is an important issue. Therefore, hospitalmanagement should take measures to increase reporting and take necessary actions when violence is reported.