Lipopolysaccharide Induces CYP2E1 in Astrocytes through MAP Kinase Kinase-3 and C/EBP/β and -δ

KELİCEN UĞUR E. P., Tindberg N.

Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.279, no.16, pp.15734-15742, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 279 Issue: 16
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1074/jbc.m311850200
  • Journal Name: Journal of Biological Chemistry
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.15734-15742
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) is highly inducible in a subset of astrocytes in vivo following ischemic or mechanical injury and in vitro by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or interleukin-1β. We have studied the mechanism of induction, and found that transcriptional activation of CYP2E1 occurred within 3 h, and CYP2E1 dependent catalytic activity was induced more than 4-fold within 5 h. The induction was sensitive to several tyrosine kinase inhibitors, and was further modulated by inhibitors of p38 MAP kinase. MAP kinase kinase-3 (MKK3) was phosphorylated in response to LPS, and expression of constitutively active MKK3, but not the MAP kinase kinases MEKK1 or MKK1, activated CYP2E1. Transcriptional activation was mediated through a C/EBPβ and -δ binding element situated at -486/-474, and appeared to involve activation of prebound factors as well as recruitment of newly synthesized C/EBP/β and -δ. It is thus suggested that LPS induces MKK3 activation in astrocytes, which in turn stimulates a C/EBP/β and -δ binding element to mediate transcriptional activation of CYP2E1.