Does Sericin, as a Novel Pleurodesis Agent, Have Higher Effectiveness Compared to Talcum Powder, Doxycycline, and Silver Nitrate Pleurodesis? ¿Es el nuevo agente pleurodésico sericina más efectivo para pleurodesis que el polvo de talco, la doxiciclina y el nitrato de plata?

Yazicioglu A., UYSAL S., Sahinoglu T., Subasi M., Demirag F., Yekeler E.

Archivos de Bronconeumologia, vol.55, no.7, pp.357-367, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 55 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.arbres.2018.10.003
  • Journal Name: Archivos de Bronconeumologia
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.357-367
  • Keywords: Cost-effective, Doxycycline, Fibrosis, Parenchyma, Pleura, Pleurodesis, Sericin, Side effect, Silver nitrate, Talcum powder
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Introduction: The usefulness of sericin as pleurodesis agent has previously been described. Present study aims to compare sericin pleurodesis regarding success, effectiveness, tolerability, and side-effects. Methods: Adult, 12-week-old Wistar-albino rats (n = 60), divided to five groups as sericin, talcum-powder, doxycycline, silver-nitrate and control. Agents were administrated through left thoracotomy, rats sacrificed twelve-days after. Results: Highest ratio of collagen fibers was observed in sericin group, and the intensity was higher than talcum-powder group (p < 0.05). Compared to silver nitrate, sericin group displayed better mesothelial reaction, and multi-layer mesothelium was also better (p < 0.05). Foreign body reaction and emphysema were less frequent in sericin group (p < 0.05). The presence of biological tissue in parenchyma was less prominent in sericin group (p < 0.05). Foreign body reaction on thoracic wall was less common in sericin group (p < 0.05). Presence of biological tissue glue in thoracic wall was less prominent in sericin group (p < 0.05). Glomerular degeneration was lower in sericin group compared to the silver nitrate group (p < 0.05), and tubular degeneration was less common in sericin group than talcum group (p < 0.05). Pericarditis was less common in sericin group compared to the other groups (p < 0.05). Conclusion: As an intrinsic, natural glue protein, sericin protects the lung parenchyma and tissues, and its glue-like characteristics enable pleurodesis. The success of sericin in pleurodesis was demonstrated in the present study based on investigations of the pleurae. Being cost-effective and better tolerated agent associated with a low potential of side effects, sericin is more effective, less expensive and provides more lung parenchyma protection.