Palaeoenvironmental reconstruction of Husamlar coal seam, SW Turkey


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Buckun Z., Inaner H., Oskay R. G. , Christanis K.

JOURNAL OF EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE, vol.124, no.4, pp.729-746, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 124 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2015
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s12040-015-0573-x
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.729-746
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: No

Abstract

The A-ren and Yatagan Basins in SW Turkey host several Miocene coal deposits currently under exploitation for power generation. The present study aims to provide insight into the palaeoenvironmental conditions, which controlled the formation of the Husamlar coal seam located in A-ren Basin. The coal seam displays many sharp alternations of matrix lignite beds and inorganic, lacustrine sediment layers. The coal is a medium-to-high ash lignite (10.47-31.16 wt%, on dry basis) with high total sulphur content (up to 10 wt%, on dry, ash-free basis), which makes it prone to self-combustion. The maceral composition indicates that the peat-forming vegetation consisted of both arboreal and herbaceous plants, with the latter being predominant in the upper part of the seam. Mica and feldspars contribute to the low part of the seam; carbonates are dominant in the upper part, whereas quartz and pyrite are present along the entire coal profile. The sudden transitions of the telmatic to the lacustrine regime and reverse is attributed to tectonic movements that controlled water table levels in the palaeomire, which affected surface runoff and hence, clastic deposition.