Effects of vocational rehabilitation group intervention on motivation and occupational self-awareness in individuals with intellectual disabilities: A single blind, randomised control study


TEMİZKAN E., DAVUTOĞLU C., ARAN O. T. , Kayihan H.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED RESEARCH IN INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES, vol.35, no.1, pp.196-204, 2022 (SSCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 35 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/jar.12939
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF APPLIED RESEARCH IN INTELLECTUAL DISABILITIES
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Periodicals Index Online, CINAHL, EBSCO Education Source, Educational research abstracts (ERA), EMBASE, ERIC (Education Resources Information Center), MEDLINE, Psycinfo, Public Affairs Index
  • Page Numbers: pp.196-204
  • Keywords: competence, intellectual disability, motivation, randomised controlled trial, vocational rehabilitation, STUDENTS, PEOPLE, ADULTS, DEPRESSION, EMPLOYMENT, INCLUSION, VALIDITY, HEALTH
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Background The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a vocational rehabilitation group intervention on motivation and occupational self-competence in individuals with intellectual disability. Methods A single-blind, randomised controlled study design was used. The intervention group (IG) received the group-based intervention alongside the individualised vocational rehabilitation (IVR) and the control group (CG) continued receiving only the IVR for 8 weeks. In order to assess motivation and occupational self-competence, Objective Achievement Motivation Test (OLMT) and Occupational Self-Assessment (OSA) were used. Results Forty-nine individuals were enrolled to the study and randomised into IG (n = 24) and CG (n = 25). Two groups were similar at baseline in terms of demographic qualities, OLMT and OSA scores (p > 0.05). After the intervention, the IG showed significant improvements in all assessments (p < 0.05), however the CG showed improvements only in OLMT sub-tests (p < 0.05). Conclusions The group-based intervention program was effective in increasing occupational self-competence and motivation.