pH changes and calcium ion diffusion from calcium hydroxide dressing materials through root dentin

CALT S., SERPER A. , Ozcelik B. , DALAT M.

JOURNAL OF ENDODONTICS, cilt.25, sa.5, ss.329-331, 1999 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 25 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 1999
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/s0099-2399(06)81165-9
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.329-331


The purpose of this study was to evaluate Ca2+ and OH- diffusion properties through root dentin by using different calcium hydroxide (CH) dressing materials. Twenty-eight single-rooted teeth were instrumented and external defects were created on the root surface. 17% EDTA was used to eliminate the smear layer. All surfaces except the external defects were sealed, and the teeth were placed in normal saline. Ca2+ concentrations and the pH in the saline were determined for 3 days as the control period. After removing the teeth from normal saline, they were filled with: (i) DT Temporary Dressing CH; (ii) CH powder and normal saline; (iii) TempCanal; and (iv) CH points. The teeth were then placed in normal saline, and Ca2+ concentrations and pH values were measured at 1, 3, 7, 14, and 28 days. Nonsetting CH pastes gradually released Ca2+, whereas this increase was absent from CH points. None of the test materials induced a pH increase in the media during the observation period. This study demonstrated that, when nonsetting CH pastes are applied to the root canal, diffusion of Ca2+ without an increase in pH to the surrounding media occurs. This implies that these type of material are move suitable than CH points for treatment of external root resorption.