Humor's Criticising Function in Turkish Caricature History Based On Penguen Magazine


Kamiloglu Z.

MILLI FOLKLOR, no.98, pp.165-173, 2013 (Journal Indexed in AHCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: Issue: 98
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Title of Journal : MILLI FOLKLOR
  • Page Numbers: pp.165-173

Abstract

In this study, using Penguen as a source, a humor magazine that is being published today, we tried to explain "criticising', which is one of the functions of humor in the history of Turkish humor. "Laughter", which is assumed as the correspondance of humor, cannot explain humor alone. Humour, which involves any kind of laughter is an attitude that finds itself sometimes in mockery or sometimes in a social defiance. Humor is also a dicipline that takes over with its functionality. Therefore, our public science method in this study is functionalism. When we looked at the history of Turkish humor, we realized that the caricature in Turkish society was not as old as the caricature in the West. As for the subjects of caricature that press worked up during the last period of Ottoman Government, they are generally political. Humor in comic strip (cartoon) that keeps its popularity in different kinds of humor is like abridge between authority and the one who is ruled. Criticising in humor is an inevitable way of expression that goes from past to today. Many caricaturist are today in an aggressive manner when making political humor. The goal here is to reveal the dyslogistic, opposing and criticising property of the humour and have a relief. When we look at the history of Turkish caricature, social opposition is also behind the attitudes aiming at the political life of humor magazines which have started to be published since Ottoman times. We've given the name of the Penguen magazine in our study because it is one of the magazines that make the humorous criticism today. By presenting the cover of the magazines which constituted the examples of caricature occupying Turkish agenda with social and political improvements, we aimed to show the criticism and the opposition in stripe art.