Objectives: The aim of this study is to deliberate the dynamics of reproductive health care, abortion and the role of nurses in Turkey in a comparative manner. Terms related to reproductive health have been highlighted in order to bring clarity to the conceptual framework of the topic. This topic has always been evaluated in Turkey from a legislative viewpoint and has not primarily been evaluated from the ethical viewpoint. Furthermore, majority of women in Turkey and all around the world might have not made free decision in certain circumstances. When it comes to practice, there are other factors to consider rather than the legal viewpoint such as women can often communicate better with nurses in the health care institutions than others.