Molecular analysis of factor XIII A gene on three unrelated Turkish families identified two novel and one known mutations. One novel mutation is a substitution of cytidine by guanine at codon 541 in exon 12, beta barrel 1 domain of the coagulation factor XIII A subunit gene resulting in the conversion of asparagine to lysine. The mutation alters the restriction site of the enzyme Mbo II. The second novel mutation, a 4 bp (-CAAA) deletion located in a direct repetitive sequence (CAAACAAA) between codons 466-469, results in premature termination of translation at codon 474. The third mutation is a previously reported single nucleotide (cytidine) insertion at codon 400 in exon 9 of the factor XIII gene.