GLASGOW MATHEMATICAL JOURNAL, pp.41-52, 2010 (SCI-Expanded)
Motivated by a relation on submodules of a module used by both A. W. Goldie and P. F. Smith, we say submodules X, Y of M are beta* equivalent, X beta* Y, if and only if X + Y/X is small in M/X and X + Y/Y is small in M/Y. We show that the beta* relation is an equivalence relation and has good behaviour with respect to addition of submodules, homomorphisms and supplements. We apply these results to introduce the class of G*-supplemented modules and to investigate this class and the class of H-supplemented modules. These classes are located among various well-known classes of modules related to the class of lifting modules. Moreover these classes are used to explore an open question of S. H. Mohamed and B. J. Mueller. Examples are provided to illustrate and delimit the theory.