Sono-palpation and sono-Tinel in musculoskeletal ultrasound examination: use all “sono-senses”. A systematic review

Pirri C., Pirri N., Stecco C., Macchi V., Porzionato A., De Caro R., ...More

Medical Ultrasonography, vol.25, no.3, pp.325-329, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 25 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.11152/mu-4060
  • Journal Name: Medical Ultrasonography
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.325-329
  • Keywords: bone, muscle, pain, probe, ultrasonography
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Flexibility and dynamic perspective of ultrasound imaging allow for a targeted/focused examination, yielding extra findings. Sonopalpation - also referred as sono-Tinel for nerves - is one of those particular features of ultrasound examination whereby the ultrasound probe is actively 'manipulated'. It is paramount to ascertain the painful structure/pathology during the evaluation of a patient and it is not possible with other imaging techniques other than ultrasonography. In this aspect, the current review aims to provide an analysis of the literature regarding the use of sonopalpation for clinical and research purposes respectively.