JOURNAL OF INCLUSION PHENOMENA AND MACROCYCLIC CHEMISTRY, vol.80, pp.139-146, 2014 (SCI-Expanded)
Cyclodextrins are cyclic oligosaccharides, capable of forming inclusion complexes with many active substances. This way, the aqueous solubility and rate of dissolution of active substances can be changed. For this research we have selected celecoxib as the model active substance, due to its low water solubility, high lipophilicity, and high intestinal permeability. Usually, the amount of cyclodextrin complex that can be incorporated into a pharmaceutical dosage form is limited. The usage of hydrophilic polymers can overcome this problem. In this study, we wanted to point out the potential of various types of hydrophilic polymers for enhancing the complex formation efficiencies, and to highlight the possible use of alginate as a solubility stabilizer/enhancer and as a microsphere matrix polymer. The phase solubility investigation showed greater stability constants (> 250 M-1) in ternary complexes than in the binary complex, which is a good indicator of the complex formation enhancer properties of these hydrophilic polymers. The relative solubilizing efficiency decreased in the next order: PVP K25 (6.49) > Sodium alginate (6.26) > PEG 6000 (5.72) > without polymer (4.81). The DSC curves showed that all samples that were prepared with beta-cyclodextrin (both complexes and physical mixtures) had lower melting endotherms at 160 A degrees C than pure celecoxib. XRD confirmed the complex formation by partial celecoxib amorphisation. The dissolution studies of the prepared microspheres revealed that all samples had different release rates (shown by the similarity factor f(2), which was 36.37, 42.46 and 38.11 % respectively) and that the use of beta-cyclodextrin increased the dissolution rate of celecoxib from alginate microspheres in a controlled manner. We concluded that sodium alginate could act as a complex stabilizing/enhancing agent and as a microsphere matrix polymer, at the same time.