Clinical Tests of the Shoulder Accuracy and Extension Using Dynamic Ultrasound


Chang K., Wu W., Hsu P., Lew H. L. , ÖZÇAKAR L.

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION, vol.99, no.2, pp.161-169, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Review
  • Volume: 99 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1097/phm.0000000000001311
  • Journal Name: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, SportDiscus
  • Page Numbers: pp.161-169
  • Keywords: Shoulder, Physical Examination, Rehabilitation, Ultrasound, PERITENDINOUS EFFUSION, MUSCULOSKELETAL ULTRASOUND, PAINFUL SHOULDER, DIAGNOSIS, ANTERIOR
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Shoulder pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder that has a significant impact on the patient's quality of life and functional health. Because the shoulder joint is a complex structure, the relevant symptoms of shoulder pain may not directly reflect the underlying pathology. Hence, several shoulder tests have been developed to examine shoulder problems, and their diagnostic accuracy varies. Familiarization with the performance of those physical tests and their strength and limitation are of utmost importance for physicians dealing with shoulder disorders. Therefore, the present narrative review focuses on summarizing the most commonly used tests in physical examination and their diagnostic performance on several shoulder pathologies. This article also discusses how ultrasound imaging can serve as an extension of those tests.