Early weight gain after diagnosis may have an impact on remission status in children with new-onset type 1 diabetes mellitus

Emet D. C., Karavar H. N., GÖZMEN O., Agyar A. A., ÜNSAL Y., Canturk M., ...More

Journal of Diabetes, vol.15, no.12, pp.1011-1019, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1111/1753-0407.13455
  • Journal Name: Journal of Diabetes
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CAB Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.1011-1019
  • Keywords: BMI, remission, type 1 diabetes, weight change
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Background: Residual beta-cell function and improvement in insulin sensitivity by reversal of glucose toxicity are two phenomena thought to be related to partial remission (PR). Body fat mass is the major determinant of insulin sensitivity. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between the rate of body weight gain after diagnosis of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and other clinical factors for the development and duration of PR. Methods: Children (2–16 years) with new-onset T1DM (n = 99) were grouped into remitters and non-remitters by using insulin dose-adjusted glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) values. Laboratory and clinical data as well as daily insulin requirement per kilogram of body weight at diagnosis and each visit were recorded, and the duration of PR was determined. Changes in body mass index standard deviation score (BMI-SDS) were calculated by the auxological data collected every 6 months. Results: There were 47 remitters (47.5%) and 52 (52.5%) non-remitters. The mean increase in BMI-SDS at the first 6 months of diagnosis was higher in the non-remitters than in the remitters (p = 0.04). Duration of PR was negatively correlated with the change in BMI-SDS between 6 and 12 months after diagnosis. Male sex, younger age, prepubertal status, and lower HbA1c were predictors of remission, among which male sex had the highest chance by multivariate regression. Conclusions: Early rapid weight gain after diagnosis of T1DM may play a role in the lack of remission and shorter duration of PR. Interventions to prevent early rapid weight gain can maintain the development and prolongation of remission.