The Scale of Online Learning Readiness: A Study of Validity and Reliability

YURDUGÜL H., Alsancak Sirakaya D.

EGITIM VE BILIM-EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, vol.38, no.169, pp.391-406, 2013 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38 Issue: 169
  • Publication Date: 2013
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.391-406
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


The purpose of this study is to develop the Turkish version of Online Learning Readiness Scale -OLRS- (Hung, Chou, Chen, & Own, 2010) and to investigate the psychometric properties, such as the validity and reliability, of this scale. The study was conducted in two stages: a) the development of the Turkish version of the scale with judgments of 13 experts of language and study domain, and b) the implementation of the scale with a total of 724 students from 5 different universities. The Turkish form of the scale was administered to participants to obtain the application data set. Confirmatory factor analysis based on the relations of 18 items on 5 different sub dimensions, reported by Hung et al., (2010) was applied on the data set. The factor loadings obtained from factor analysis were statistically significant and numerically satisfactory. In addition to this, the results of construct validity (convergent validity and discriminant validity) based on correlation among sub-dimensions, and on average variance extraction were satisfactory. These results showed that the Turkish version of the OLRS was a valid and reliable measurement tool.