The pathophysiological relation between periodic lateralized epileptiform discharges (PLEDs) and epileptic seizures is not known and the exact causative mechanism of PLEDs still remains unclear. In this report, the authors present a case in which the EEG displayed PLEDs after a complex partial seizure. This patient, with a long history of complex partial seizures, had previously undergone right standard anterior temporal lobectomy with hippocampectomy, with a diagnosis of mesial temporal sclerosis. She had one complex partial seizure 72 days after operation and was admitted to hospital, Her brain MRI revealed changes due to temporal lobectomy and small residual posterior hippocampic anomalies, PLEDs over the right temporal lobe were seen in postictal EEGs and persisted for 4 days despite the patient's normal mental status and normal neurologic examination. Brain perfusion scintigraphy with Tc-99m-HMPAO during PLEDs was performed on the second day after the seizure, and right temporal hyperperfusion was detected, EEGs and scintigraphic imaging were repeated after cessation of PLEDs. The repeated brain scan displayed right temporal hypoperfusion. PLEDs during the postictal period may actually be an ictal pattern, and if hyperperfusion in the brain SPECT studies during PLEDs is seen, further aggressive antiepileptic drug therapy may be necessary in some cases.