Clinical results of polidocanol sclerotherapy in venous malformation treatment: Patient-perceived improvement and satisfaction

ÇAY F., Altunbulak A. Y., ÖZBAY Y., Eldem G., Çil B. E., VARGEL İ., ...More

Phlebology, vol.38, no.1, pp.36-43, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 38 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/02683555221142531
  • Journal Name: Phlebology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.36-43
  • Keywords: foam sclerotherapy, patient-reported outcomes, patient satisfaction, ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy, venous malformation
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


© The Author(s) 2022.Purpose: This study evaluated the results of polidocanol sclerotherapy in the treatment of venous malformations (VM) including patient satisfaction, perceived improvement, and predictors of satisfaction. Material and Method: Patients with VM that underwent polidocanol foam sclerotherapy between June 2013 and July 2021 in a single center were retrospectively evaluated. Patient demographics, VM, and treatment characteristics were analyzed. Patient-reported outcomes and satisfaction were analyzed with a questionnaire. Results: This study included 232 (136, 58.6%, female) patients. The mean age was 24.49 ± 12.45 years (range 3–72). The clinical response rate was 82.3%. The rate of satisfaction was 82.3%, and 116 (50%) patients were significantly satisfied. There were no major complications. Clinical response and VM margin were related to satisfaction (p < 0.01, p = 0.012, respectively). Clinical response to pretreatment swelling was related to significant satisfaction (p = 0.02). Conclusion: Polidocanol sclerotherapy was safe and effective in VM treatment with high satisfaction and low complication rates.