This study assesses elementary principalship as a profession in Turkey in light of selected characteristics that scholars agree are common to all professions. Evidence was drawn primarily from a Delphi study in three rounds. The findings indicate that the elementary principalship does not meet any of the eleven selected characteristics of profession. In general, elementary principalship can not be considered as as a profession in its current state. The main conclusion drawn is that steps must be taken to professionalize elementary elemantary principalship. In the future, the degree to which elementary principalship advances as a profession will greatly influence quality of education, elementary principalship credibility, recruitment and retention of elementary principals, and ultimately the general objectives of elementary schools in Turkey.