Bayındır-Gümüş A., ÖZTÜRK E., Soós M.

Roczniki Panstwowego Zakladu Higieny / Annals of the National Institute of Hygiene, vol.75, no.1, pp.59-65, 2024 (Scopus) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 75 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.32394/rpzh.2024.0295
  • Journal Name: Roczniki Panstwowego Zakladu Higieny / Annals of the National Institute of Hygiene
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus, Aqualine, CAB Abstracts, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, Pollution Abstracts, Veterinary Science Database, Directory of Open Access Journals
  • Page Numbers: pp.59-65
  • Keywords: eating behavior, Hungarian university students, reliability, social media effect, social media scale, validity
  • Hacettepe University Affiliated: Yes


Background. People live in a technological world, where social media is used very commonly. Social media has effects on eating behaviors, as in other aspects. For this reason, it is important to measure social media effect. Objective. This study aimed to adapt the Scale of Effects of Social Media on Eating Behaviour (SESMEB) that examines the effect of social media on eating behavior in Hungarian university students. Material and methods. The SESMEB was translated into the target language by taking various stages. The online questionnaire including general information, social media use, and the eighteen-item SESMEB was used to collect data. The scale was administered to the study group consisting of 213 Hungarian university students, and data from 203 of them were analyzed. Confirmatory factor analyses were performed to test construct validity, and the Cronbach alpha coefficient was calculated for the reliability of the scale in Hungarian. Results. Total correlation value was higher than 0.50 for all items of the scale. The fit indices were at an acceptable level or had a perfect fit. The t-values were significant at the level of 0.1 and ranged between 2.927 and 5.706. The Spearman–Brown coefficient was calculated at 0.894. The reliability coefficient of the scale was calculated to be 0.866. SESMEB scores were different according to spending time daily, sharing content, and using filters or Photoshop on social media (p<0.05). Conclusions. Higher than 0.80 Cronbach’s alpha coefficient and other results show that Hungarian SESMEB is a valid and reliable tool. Therefore, Hungarian SESMEB will be useful for further studies to determine the impact of social media on eating behaviors.