Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, Epstein-Barr Virus -Positive Kappa Monotypic Plasma Cell Proliferation and Invasive Carcinoma, Developing in a Child With Defective Mismatch Repair


ÜNER M., Saglam A., Tukun A., Aydin B., AKYOL A., ÜNER A.

PEDIATRIC AND DEVELOPMENTAL PATHOLOGY, 2022 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/10935266221075605
  • Journal Name: PEDIATRIC AND DEVELOPMENTAL PATHOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Keywords: B-cell lymphoma, childhood, constitutional mismatch repair deficiency, Microsatellite instability, MSH6 (mutS homolog 6), lynch syndrome, CLASS SWITCH RECOMBINATION, DEFICIENCY, MSH6

Abstract

Constitutional mismatch repair deficiency (CMMRD) syndrome is characterized by biallelic mutations in a mismatch repair gene and is associated with development of childhood cancers and symptoms resembling neurofibromatosis type 1, like cafe-au-lait spots. We describe the extremely rare case of a 12-year-old male presenting with several light brown macular lesions on the skin, gastrointestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, adenomatous polyposis throughout the gastrointestinal tract and an intra-abdominal invasive carcinoma derived from upper gastrointestinal system. All neoplasia, as well as normal tissues, showed loss of Msh6 expression with immunohistochemistry. Molecular studies showed pathogenic homozygous p.F1088Sfs*2 mutation in MSH6. Furthermore, signs consistent with immunodeficiency, namely decreased levels of IgG and IgA in the serum, nodular lymphoid hyperplasia and EBV-associated plasma cell proliferation with monotypic kappa light chain expression in the ileum, were also noted. Our case depicts the phenotypic diversity of CMMRD syndrome and emphasizes its association with immunodeficiency, raising awareness to a feature not widely recognized.